El Parlamento Europeo reconoce el Estado Palestino con condiciones.

El Parlamento Europeo aprobó por una amplia mayoría de 498 votos a favor, 88 en contra y 111 abstenciones el reconocimiento “en principio” de Palestina como país soberano, tras un histórico cónclave de la organización en la ciudad francesa de Estrasburgo.

En una declaración de la Eurocámara se postuló la solución de dos Estados, Israel y Palestina, aunque para que el reconocimiento sea definitivo expresaron que será determinante un avance en las conversaciones de paz conjunta con Tel Aviv como paso previo a una medida en tal sentido.

La Eurocámara “apoya en principio el reconocimiento del Estado Palestino y la solución de dos Estados, y considera que ambas cosas deben ir de la mano con el desarrollo de conversaciones de paz, que debe llevarse adelante”, puntualizó el texto fi nal aprobado.

Tanto los socialistas, verdes e Izquierda Unitaria no pudieron torcer el duro brazo del bloque del Partido Popular (PP) para que la declaración otorgara el reconocimiento a Palestina sin condiciones previas.

El PP europeo se opuso y logró primero retrasar de noviembre a diciembre el voto de la resolución y ahora condicionar ese reconocimiento, en cuyo texto aprobado se incluye la frase “en principio”, y por lo tanto moderar su alcance.

“Con esta votación, el Parlamento Europeo rechazó claramente un reconocimiento incondicional separado de las negociaciones de paz”, comentó al respecto el miembro ponente del PP, Elmar Brok.

El primer ministro Israelí Benjamin Netanyahu rechazó esta aprobación y declaró que «parecería que hay todavía mucha gente en Europa que no entendió el significado del Holocausto Judío»
Por el contrario, otra lectura hicieron los Verdes, para quienes “el Parlamento Europeo se inscribe en el impulso internacional creciente a favor del reconocimiento del Estado palestino”.

La votación vio la luz después de que Suecia decidiera, el 30 de noviembre último, reconocer al Estado Palestino, transformándose en el último país europeo de tomar esa postura.

Ya lo habían concretado previamente Bulgaria, Chipre, República Checa, Hungría, Malta, Polonia y Rumania.

Paralelamente, los parlamentos de España, Francia, Irlanda y el Reino Unido aprobaron resoluciones que reclaman también este reconocimiento a sus gobiernos.

La Eurocámara reiteró en la resolución su “fuerte apoyo a la solución de dos Estados sobre la base de las fronteras de 1967, con Jerusalén como capital de los dos Estados”.

Además, postuló “un Estado de Israel seguro y un Estado palestino independiente, democrático, contiguo y viable”.


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