En Hungría, miembros de la comunidad judía de izquierda estarían listos para trabajar con un partido de extrema derecha dirigido por un ex neonazi

A demonstrator shouts and performs a Nazi salute in front of banner reading "Europe awake" followed by a group of Hungarian Jobbik party representatives during an annual march commemorating Poland's National Independence Day in Warsaw on November 11, 2015. Poland's National Independence Day commemorates the anniversary of the Restoration of a Polish State in 1918. AFP PHOTO / JANEK SKARZYNSKI (Photo credit should read JANEK SKARZYNSKI/AFP/Getty Images)

En 2011, el grupo judío más grande de Hungría pidió al Ministerio de Justicia que prohibiera el partido de extrema derecha Jobbik, describiéndolo como «antisemita» y «fascista». Ahora, el Mazsihisz (comunidad judía ortodoxa de Budapest) ve a Jobbik como un socio legítimo para lograr un cambio democrático, a pesar de su contundente racismo.

Hace años, oponerse a Jobbik era natural para Mazsihisz, una federación liberal de organizaciones judías húngaras. La incitación virulenta de Jobbik lo ha convertido en un caso atípico, incluso entre los movimientos ultranacionalistas europeos.

A pesar de algunos intentos de rehabilitación, el racismo todavía parece ser parte del ADN político de Jobbik. Su líder actual, Tamas Sneider, es un ex skinhead que confesó haber golpeado a una persona romaní en 1992 con cables de metal en un presunto ataque racista. En un discurso en 2013 en el parlamento, el segundo al mando del partido de extrema derecha, Marton Gyongyosi, pidió que se elaborara una lista de todos los judíos húngaros porque son «riesgos de seguridad».

Pero el panorama político ha cambiado. Existe una creciente frustración con el partido gobernante, el ala derecha de Fidesz (Unión Cívica Húngara), y su férreo control del poder. Los izquierdistas de Anti-Fidesz, incluso dentro de Mazsihisz, se han vuelto hacia Jobbik como un socio potencial.

Este proceso ha dado como resultado una alianza poco probable antes de las elecciones locales en octubre con Jobbik y partidos de izquierda que alguna vez estuvieron entre sus críticos más duros, incluido el Partido Socialista Húngaro y la Coalición Democrática.

Según el acuerdo anunciado el mes pasado, todos los partidos de la oposición respaldarían cualquier candidato que las encuestas sugieran que sea más probable que gane un determinado distrito electoral. En otras palabras, los partidos de izquierda instarían a sus seguidores a votar por los candidatos Jobbik donde es más probable que ganen, y viceversa.

El presidente del Congreso Judío Mundial, Ronald Lauder, escribió en febrero que los informes de la alianza lo «preocuparon profundamente». Pero para muchos húngaros que han tenido suficiente gobierno de Fidesz bajo el primer ministro Viktor Orban, el acuerdo tiene sentido.

Gabor Vona, el ex líder de Jobbik, envió un saludo de Jánuca a los grupos judíos en 2016. Al año siguiente, dijo que su partido abandonaría su línea anti-Israel y «trataría a Israel como a cualquier otro país».



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