Premio Nobel 2020: cuatro de los seis premios fueron ganados por judíos

Ganadores judíos del Premio Nobel 2020
Ganadores judíos del Premio Nobel 2020

El Premio Nobel es un galardón internacional que se otorga cada año para reconocer a personas o instituciones que hayan llevado a cabo investigaciones, descubrimientos o contribuciones notables a la humanidad en el año anterior o en el transcurso de sus actividades.

Los premios que se instituyen son: Física (decidido por la Real Academia Sueca de Ciencias), Química (decidido por la Real Academia Sueca de Ciencias), Fisiología o Medicina (decidido por el Instituto Karolinska), Literatura (decidido por la Academia Sueca), Paz (decidido por el Comité Nobel del Parlamento Noruego) y Economía (decidido por la Real Academia Sueca de Ciencias).

En el año 2020, cuatro de los seis premios fueron ganados por personalidades judías.

El Premio Nobel de Economía lo ganó Paul Milgrom conjuntamente con el profesor y colega estadounidense Robert Wilson. Lo lograron por su trabajo en la comprensión del valor y la licitación

Milgrom, de padres judíos, nació en Detroit. Se convirtió en profesor de Humanidades y Ciencias en en la Universidad Shirley y Leonard Ely de Stanford. Frecuentemente brinda conferencias en universidades israelíes.

El Premio Nobel de Literatura de este año lo obtuvo Louise Glück. Así, esta poeta estadounidense se convirtió en la 16° mujer en recibir uno de los máximos galardones en su campo.

De origen neoyorquino, Glück, descendiente de judíos húngaros emigrados a Estados Unidos, publicó 12 libros de poemas y algunos ensayos. Parte de sus colecciones han sido traducidas al español por poetas, como Eduardo Chirinos y Mirta Rosenberg.

Es una de las autoras contemporáneas más prominentes de su país. Ganó los máximos premios que este otorga, entre ellos el National Book Award por Noche fiel y virtuosa (2014) y el Pulitzer por El iris salvaje (1992).

El estadounidense Harvey J. Alter se llevó el Premio Nobel de Medicina por el descubrimiento del virus de la hepatitis C junto al estadounidense Charles Rice y el británico Michael Houghton.

Finalmente, el británico Robert Penrose, profesor de la Universidad de Oxford, ganó el Nobel de Física. Por “demostrar que la formación de agujeros negros es una sólida predicción de la teoría general de la relatividad». De ascendencia judía rusa, fue galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Física 2020.

Los Premios Nobel de Química y de La Paz fueron ganados por Emmanuelle Charpentier y Jennifer A. Doudna y el Programa Mundial de Alimentos, respectivamente.

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