El candelabro de Janucá y la historia de la foto de la familia Posner

En Janucá de 1932, poco antes de las elecciones que elevarían a Hitler al poder, Rachel Posner, la esposa del rabino Dr. Akiva Posner, tomó esta foto del candelabro de Janucá
En Janucá de 1932, poco antes de las elecciones que elevarían a Hitler al poder, Rachel Posner, la esposa del rabino Dr. Akiva Posner, tomó esta foto del candelabro de Janucá

En Janucá de 1932, poco antes de las elecciones que elevarían a Hitler al poder, Rachel Posner, la esposa del rabino Dr. Akiva Posner, tomó una foto del candelabro de Janucá familiar desde el alféizar de la ventana de su apartamento, que miraba hacia un edificio al otro lado de la calle decorado con banderas nazis.

Al dorso de la foto Rachel Posner escribió en alemán:
Janucá 5692
(1932)
«Muerte a Judá»
Dice la bandera
«Judá vivirá para siempre»
Así contesta la luz

En Janucá de 1932, poco antes de las elecciones que elevarían a Hitler al poder, Rachel Posner, la esposa del rabino Dr. Akiva Posner, tomó esta foto del candelabro de Janucá
En Janucá de 1932, poco antes de las elecciones que elevarían a Hitler al poder, Rachel Posner, la esposa del rabino Dr. Akiva Posner, escribió este texto detrás de la foto

El rabino Dr. Akiva Posner, doctor en filosofía por la universidad de Halle-Wittenberg, fungió entre 1924 y 1933 como el último rabino de la comunidad de Kiel, Alemania.

Leer más: Janucá: ¿Qué significa ser judío?

Después de publicar una carta de protesta en la prensa local en la que expresaba su indignación por los carteles que habían aparecido en la ciudad, que rezaban: «Prohibida la entrada a judíos», fue convocado por el jefe de la filial local del partido nazi a participar en un debate público. El evento fue llevado a cabo bajo una fuerte custodia policial e informado por la prensa local.

En Janucá de 1932, poco antes de las elecciones que elevarían a Hitler al poder, Rachel Posner, la esposa del rabino Dr. Akiva Posner, tomó esta foto del candelabro de Janucá
En Janucá de 1932, poco antes de las elecciones que elevarían a Hitler al poder, Rachel Posner, la esposa del rabino Dr. Akiva Posner, tomó esta foto del candelabro

Al aumentar la tensión y la violencia en la ciudad el rabino hizo caso a los ruegos de miembros de su comunidad y decidió emigrar junto con su esposa y sus tres hijos a la tierra de Israel. Antes de partir consiguió convencer a muchos de los miembros de su congregación para que también ellos abandonasen el lugar y la mayoría lograron llegar a la tierra de Israel o a los Estados Unidos. La familia Posner abandonó Alemania en 1933 y llegó a la tierra de Israel en 1934.

En Janucá de 1932, poco antes de las elecciones que elevarían a Hitler al poder, Rachel Posner, la esposa del rabino Dr. Akiva Posner, tomó esta foto del candelabro de Janucá
En Janucá de 1932, candelabro original Familia Posner

Alrededor de 80 años después los descendientes de Akiva y Rachel Posner continúan encendiendo las velas de Janucá usando el mismo candelabro traído a Israel desde Kiel. En Janucá de 5770 (2009) su biznieto, Akiva Mansbach, vistiendo el uniforme de las Fuerzas de Defensa de Israel, saludó y leyó un poema en hebreo escrito en el mismo estilo que el compuesto por Rachel Posner en 1932.
Traducido, dice lo siguiente:

En 5692 el candelabro está en el exilio, colocado en la ventana
Desafía a la bandera del partido que todavía no gobierna.
«Judá ¡muere!» dice
Y la rima de la abuela responde
En su propio idioma, sin desesperar:
Así dice la bandera, pero nuestra vela responde y declara
«Judá vivirá para siempre»
En 5770 el candelabro está de pie nuevamente en la ventana
Mirando a la bandera del Estado que gobierna
El descendiente Akiva, llamado así por su bisabuelo
Saluda a través de la ventana y enciende el candelabro
La abuela agradece y dice una oración
Que «el redentor vendrá a Sion» sin demora.
Prestado por los herederos de la familia Posner, cortesía de Shulamit Mansbach, Haifa, Israel

Yad Vashem

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