Un israelí recibió el “Nobel de las matemáticas” por sus logros en ciencia computacional

El israelí Avi Wigderson y el húngaro László Lovász han sido distinguidos con el premio Abel, considerado el «Nobel de las matemáticas», por sus estudios sobre ciencia computacional.

Sus contribuciones a esa ciencia y a las matemáticas discretas son «esenciales», resaltó en su fallo la Academia Noruega de las Ciencias y las Letras. Reconocieron el papel de ellos en convertir esas disciplinas en campos centrales de las matemáticas modernas.

La teoría de la complejidad computacional, vinculada a la rapidez y eficiencia de los algoritmos, estaba en su «infancia» en la década de 1970, cuando una nueva generación comprendió que las matemáticas discretas podrían aplicarse en la ciencia computacional.

También, la complejidad computacional se ha convertido en la base teórica de la seguridad en internet. Al igual que los algoritmos, son una parte integral de nuestra vida diaria, señala el fallo.

ALGORITMOS Y CRIPTOMONEDAS

Wigderson nació en Haifa (Israel), en 1956. Estudió en el Instituto Tecnológico de Israel y se graduó en Ciencias de la Computación en 1980. Luego, hizo un posgrado en la Universidad de Princeton (EE.UU.), a la que está vinculado en la actualidad.

Es conocido por su habilidad para descubrir relaciones entre áreas aparentemente sin conexión, destaca el fallo.

Entre sus aportes resaltan los que hizo a la denominada prueba de conocimiento cero, que se usa en la tecnología de las criptodivisas.

PayPal adquirirá una empresa israelí para expandir sus iniciativas en criptomonedas

Por su parte, Lovász, nació en Budapest en 1948. Forma parte de una generación de brillantes matemáticos húngaros y del primer grupo de un experimento en el que se impartieron clases de matemáticas especializadas a alumnos superdotados en un instituto de la capital de Hungría.

A los 22 años se doctoró en la Universidad Eötvös Loránd, donde trabajó luego. Así como en la Universidad József Attila de Szeged, durante esa década y la siguiente.

Nombrado profesor William K. Lanman de Ciencia Computacional y Matemáticas en la Universidad de Yale (EEUU) en 1993, seis años después abandonó el mundo académico para ocupar un puesto de investigador jefe en Microsoft, antes de regresar en 2006 a la Eötvös Loránd, donde es profesor en la actualidad.

Además, Lovász ha diseñado poderosos algoritmos con amplias aplicaciones como el «LLL», que se usa en teoría de los números, criptografía y computación móvil.

Los dos matemáticos suceden en el palmarés del premio, dotado con 7,5 millones de coronas (743.000 euros, 885.000 dólares), al estadounidense-israelí Hillel Furstenberg y el ruso Gregory Margulis, ambos judíos. Estos dos últimos fueron premiados el año pasado por sus estudios pioneros sobre métodos de probabilidad y dinámicas en las teorías de grupos y números.

El «Nobel de las matemáticas», denominado el premio Abel se dice así en recuerdo del matemático noruego Niels Henrik Abel (1802-1829). Lo estableció el Parlamento del país escandinavo en 2002.

Vía Aurora

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