Con la mira puesta en Hezbollah, las Fuerzas de Defensa Israelíes presentan la “Aldea Libanesa”

El ejército el lunes puso la primera piedra de un nuevo centro de entrenamiento en los Altos del Golán que está destinado a simular un pueblo libanés, un escenario en el que los soldados israelíes podrían encontrarse en caso estalle la guerra con el grupo terrorista Hezbollah.

La instalación Snir, que recibe su nombre de un kibutz cercano, está destinada a preparar a los soldados israelíes para la guerra urbana, incluyendo el combate subterráneo, según el General de Brigada Einav Shalev, comandante de la División de Fuerzas Terrestres del Ejército. (Esto no debe confundirse con las propias Fuerzas de tierra, que está dirigida por el Comandante General Kobi Barak).

El ejército planea tener el centro de entrenamiento para los soldados listo para finales del próximo año y la construcción de tres instalaciones similares en los próximos años, dijo un alto funcionario de las FDI, hablando en condición de anonimato.

La instalación Snir asumirá el cargo de más avanzado centro de entrenamiento de combate urbano del ejército – “no tenemos nada como esto en el Estado de Israel”, dijo el oficial – sustituyendo al Centro de Combate Urbano, que fue construido hace una década, en la base de formación Tzeelim en el sur de Israel.

A diferencia del Centro de Combate Urbano (referido a menudo por sus siglas en hebreo Mali), que sólo se puede utilizar para entrenar a los soldados de infantería, la nueva instalación Snir está diseñada para permitir al Cuerpo Acorazado y al Cuerpo de Ingenieros de Combate operar sus tanques pesados ​​y vehículos de ingeniería en el pueblo libanés simulado, dijo el alto oficial.

“Entendemos que en un futuro conflicto, entrarán tanques en aldeas libanesas para tomar posiciones terroristas. Nuestro cuerpo acorazado tiene que estar preparado para operar en un entorno urbano lleno de escombros, por ejemplo”, dijo el ejército.

La instalación Snir incluirá elementos subterráneos también. Se sabe que Hezbollah tiene bunkers subterráneos y túneles, aunque no del tipo de túneles que usa Hamás para cruzar la frontera.

En un comunicado tras la ceremonia, Shalev llamó al plan de construcción de los nuevos centros de combate urbano “nada menos que una revolución”, mientras soldados de las FDI tendrán cada vez más la experiencia de una guerra real.

[Snir] es un pueblo libanés, que muestra el desafío del Líbano, que está creciendo; que muestra que el enemigo del Líbano (Hezbolá), está creciendo. En el pueblo, las personas que actúan como combatientes también está aumentando, que están muy cerca de los tipos de amenazas que esperamos de Hezbolá en la siguiente ronda”, dijo el oficial superior de las FDI.

“Estamos estudiando estrechamente las tácticas de Hezbollah. Estamos preparando a las tropas para vestir como Hezbolá, actuar como Hezbolá, a pensar como Hezbolá”, dijo.

El ejército planea la construcción de los tres centros de entrenamiento de combate urbano adicionales en los próximos seis años, dos en el valle del Jordán y uno en el sur de Israel.

La instalación Snir será construido por el M+W Group, una empresa de construcción alemana.

“Por casualidad, será construido por la misma empresa que construyó el Mali, pero con requisitos totalmente diferentes”, dijo el directivo.

La instalación Mali en Tzeelim no sólo es utilizada por el ejército israelí, sino que además se alquila a los militares visitantes que buscan practicar el combate urbano.

Según el alto funcionario, la instalación Mali también será actualizada en los próximos años.

El oficial destacó que si bien la nueva instalación Snir será impresionante por sí misma “sólo uno de cuatro. Es muy importante, pero es sólo la primera”.

Estado de Israel


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