Rafecas: «El mundo, pese a haber vivido procesos genocidas, no extrajo las enseñanzas necesarias»

27 DE ENERO- DÍA INTERNACIONAL DE CONMEMORACIÓN EN MEMORIA DE LAS VÍCTIMAS DEL HOLOCAUSTO- El juez federal, Daniel Rafecas mantuvo una interesante entrevista en EXCLUSIVA CON VIS A VIS en donde señaló que pese a que América Latina y Europa vivió procesos genocidas, luego del Holocausto, todavía la sociedad no aprendió del todo la enseñanza. Además remarcó que a nivel educacional, Argentina, avanzó mucho con respecto a profundizar el tema de la Shoá en las aulas.

– A 70 años de la liberación de Auschwitz ¿La sociedad aprendió? ¿Porqué?

El mundo ha padecido decenas de procesos genocidas, algunos de ellos en Europa y en América, lo que hace evidente que no se extrajeron las enseñanzas necesarias y que es imperioso continuar con la tarea.​

-¿Cual es la mejor forma de honrar la Shoá?

– Defender la democracia y la paz desde donde uno esté. Auschwitz fue una realidad en un contexto de Estado totalitario y a la vez, de la guerra. Haciendo retroceder los contextos que propician el autoritarismo, y la guerra, habremos hecho mucho para que Auschwitz no de repita.​

 En la próxima década la mayoría de los sobrevivientes no va a estar ¿Cree que se esta trabajando de manera correcta, en Argentina y en el mundo, con respecto a la difusión de la Shoá? 

– Nunca es suficiente. Argentina ha hecho progresos en la última década, tanto a nivel nacional como en muchas provincias. Y es líder a nivel latinoamericano en este punto. Es la única nación de la región que integra la exigente y prestigiosa IHRA (International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance)​ con mucho reconocimiento internacional a los avances en materia académica y de sitios de memoria. Tenemos en Buenos Aires un Museo del Holocausto que también es muy activo.

– ¿La banalización esta íntimamente ligado al antisemitismo?

– No siempre. El antisemitismo está íntimamente ligado con el negacionismo, pero no necesariamente con la banalización, que casi siempre se explica a partir de un desconocimiento de las características profundas y de las implicancias que tuvo la Shoá. Es más, quien profiere muchas veces ese comentario que constituye una banalización, lejos está de querer faltarle el respeto al tema, pero así y todo termina haciéndolo, al trazar comparaciones poco felices o suponer que cualquier evento constituye un «holocausto» etc.

– Usted que es un estudioso del tema ¿Porque cree que la educación argentina no se profundiza el tema de la Shoá en las aulas? ¿Es falta de capacitación de los docentes?​

– Es un desafío mayúsculo. En nuestro país se han dado avances en este sentido. Hay recomendaciones desde el ámbito nacional para que las provincias y la ciudad de Bs As incorpore contenidos relacionados con la Shoá. Algunas provincias ya lo hicieron, pero la etapa que le sigue, que es la capacitación de los docentes y la distribución de material adecuado, requiere mucha persistencia y decisión. En esos procesos están ayudando mucho las regionales de DAIA (en Santa Fe y Córdoba por ejemplo).​


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