«Mi infancia perdida»: Yad Vashem lanza una exposición online sobre la vida de niños sobrevivientes del Holocausto

Shmuel Gesundheit
Shmuel Gesundheit

Con motivo del Día Internacional de la Conmemoración del Holocausto, el Museo Yad Vashem de Jerusalén presentó una nueva exposición fotográfica. Se trata de «Mi infancia perdida», que muestra a niños que sobrevivieron a la Shoá.

Alrededor de 1.5 millones de niños murieron durante el Holocausto. Pero decenas de miles sobrevivieron en campos, bosques, monasterios, hogares cristianos, diversos escondites y hasta en las calles. Algunos niños fueron encontrados aún vivos en los campos de concentración después de la guerra.

“Los niños y adolescentes vivieron el Holocausto en toda su brutalidad. Guetos, campos, escondites, vagando de un lugar a otro y en las marchas de la muerte. Fueron víctimas de abusos, humillaciones, trabajos forzados, hambre, abandono y, en algunos casos, incluso experimentos médicos. La mayoría de ellos perdieron a sus seres queridos y fueron despojados de su infancia”, escribe Yad Vashem junto a la exposición.

Niños y personal que conmemoran el aniversario de la muerte de Herzl en el hogar de niños en Zabrze, Polonia, después de la guerra
Niños y personal que conmemoran el aniversario de la muerte de Herzl en el hogar de niños en Zabrze, Polonia, después de la guerra

Después de la guerra, algunos fueron llevados a refugios en Polonia, Hungría, Holanda, Alemania y Francia. Los mismos eran de gestión privada, mientras que otros fueron creados por movimientos y organizaciones.

La exposición cuenta, a su vez, las historias de siete de estos hogares establecidos en toda Europa inmediatamente después del Holocausto.

Las personas que acogían a los niños en los refugios no eran mucho mayores, normalmente de 17 a 25 años. Muchos eran antiguos guías y miembros de movimientos juveniles pioneros. Su inexperiencia en el cuidado formal de niños se veía compensada por el hecho de que ellos también eran sobrevivientes del Holocausto y podían empatizar con ellos.

Los niños, por su parte, no iban a la escuela, no podían jugar ni ser mimados por sus familias, ni tampoco vivir en un entorno seguro. Para muchos, las fotos que se muestran en la exposición son sus únicas imágenes de la infancia. Los rostros sonrientes pueden ser engañosas. Detrás de ellos hay terribles historias.

Muchos eran huérfanos y se habían convertido en “adultos en cuerpos de niños”, como ellos mismos comentaban.

“Los que sobrevivieron bajo identidades supuestas y gracias a la generosidad de extraños vivían con el temor de que se descubriera su identidad judía. De que sean delatados y de que se les capturara y sean llevados junto con sus salvadores”, explica Yad Vashem.

Vivían con el temor de que las personas que los ocultaban se cansaran de ellos o se asustaran demasiado para retenerlos. Tenían que cambiar sus hábitos, renunciar a sus padres, a sus nombres, a su religión y a veces a su lengua materna. “Para sobrevivir, aprendieron a callar, a reprimir sus sentimientos y a no confiar en nadie”, dice el sitio web.

Renee Kochman (Renia Baff), quien vivió en un hogar para niños en Blankenese, Hamburgo, escribió después del Holocausto: “Salí de los campos de exterminio tras soportar la experiencia más terrible jamás registrada en la historia, dañada en cuerpo y espíritu. Luego de pérdidas indescriptibles, mi familia, mi infancia y mis amigos, me sentí abrumada por el dolor emocional y físico. El Kinderheim [hogar para niños] de Blankenese me devolvió parte de mi infancia perdida. Se convirtió en mi hogar. Mis profesores y las otras chicas que conocí fueron mis amigos y mi familia”.

Renia Baff (más tarde Renee Kochman) junto a la puerta de entrada del hogar infantil en Blankenese, Hamburgo, Alemania, 1946
Renia Baff (más tarde Renee Kochman) junto a la puerta de entrada del hogar infantil en Blankenese, Hamburgo, Alemania, 1946

Entre los hogares infantiles que se ven en la exposición destaca el de Zakopane, Polonia, dirigido por Lena Kuchler. Posteriormente se hizo famosa gracias a su libro “Mis 100 hijos”.

También es interesante la historia de Yeshayahu Drucker, miembro de la capellanía del ejército polaco. Recogió niños judíos de los cristianos y los llevó a un hogar infantil en Zabrze como un “proyecto de redención de niños” de un solo hombre.

La aldea juvenil de Hungría, creada por el movimiento juvenil sionista religioso Bnei Akiva, es una excepción. Los niños que se alojaban allí disfrutaban de una finca con piscina, un lago artificial e incluso una isla privada.

Primer Pésaj después de la liberación en el hogar de niños en Blankenese en Hamburgo, Alemania, abril de 1946
Primer Pésaj después de la liberación en el hogar de niños en Blankenese en Hamburgo, Alemania, abril de 1946

“Esta exposición («Mi infancia perdida») arroja luz sobre lo que los niños judíos tuvieron que soportar para sobrevivir y luego reconstruir sus vidas”, afirma Dana Porat, directora del Departamento Digital de la División de Comunicaciones de Yad Vashem. “Pero, sobre todo, cuenta la historia de la resiliencia de estos niños”.

 

Vía Enlace Judío

40 COMENTARIOS

  1. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your blog and in accession capital
    to assert that I acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts.
    Anyway I’ll be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently quickly.

  2. Hello, There’s no doubt that your website might be having internet browser compatibility problems.
    When I look at your website in Safari, it looks fine but when opening
    in IE, it’s got some overlapping issues. I merely
    wanted to provide you with a quick heads up!
    Besides that, wonderful website!

  3. Great goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff previous to and you’re just extremely
    excellent. I actually like what you have acquired here, really like what you are stating and
    the way in which you say it. You make it entertaining
    and you still take care of to keep it smart. I cant wait to read much more
    from you. This is really a wonderful site.

  4. Can I just say what a relief to uncover an individual who really knows what they are talking about on the internet.
    You actually understand how to bring a problem to light and make it important.
    A lot more people need to check this out and understand this side of your story.

    I can’t believe you’re not more popular because you certainly have the
    gift.

  5. Hi! Do you know if they make any plugins to help
    with Search Engine Optimization? I’m trying to get my blog
    to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good success.
    If you know of any please share. Kudos!

  6. May I just say what a relief to find someone that really knows what
    they are talking about on the internet. You actually realize how to bring a
    problem to light and make it important. More and more people should look
    at this and understand this side of the story. I was surprised that you
    are not more popular given that you definitely possess the
    gift.

  7. Link exchange is nothing else but it is simply placing the other person’s
    website link on your page at appropriate place and other person will also do same for you.

  8. Wow that was strange. I just wrote an incredibly long comment
    but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t appear. Grrrr…
    well I’m not writing all that over again. Anyhow, just wanted to say great blog!

  9. My partner and I stumbled over here from a different website and thought I might check things out.
    I like what I see so now i’m following you. Look forward to exploring
    your web page again.

  10. Link exchange is nothing else except it is just placing the other person’s blog link on your
    page at proper place and other person will also do similar for you.

  11. I was curious if you ever thought of changing the structure of your
    website? Its very well written; I love what youve got to say.
    But maybe you could a little more in the way of
    content so people could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot
    of text for only having 1 or two images. Maybe you could space it
    out better?

  12. Have you ever thought about writing an ebook or guest authoring
    on other websites? I have a blog based upon on the same information you discuss and would
    love to have you share some stories/information. I know my viewers would
    value your work. If you are even remotely interested, feel free
    to shoot me an e-mail.

  13. This design is steller! You obviously know how to keep a reader entertained.
    Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Excellent
    job. I really enjoyed what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it.

    Too cool! 0mniartist asmr

  14. Great blog! Do you have any helpful hints for aspiring writers?
    I’m planning to start my own blog soon but I’m
    a little lost on everything. Would you advise starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many
    options out there that I’m completely overwhelmed .. Any recommendations?
    Kudos!

  15. Good post however I was wondering if you could write a litte more on this topic?
    I’d be very grateful if you could elaborate
    a little bit further. Cheers!

  16. Howdy! I know this is kind of off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could locate a captcha
    plugin for my comment form? I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having problems finding
    one? Thanks a lot!

  17. I truly love your site.. Very nice colors & theme.
    Did you create this site yourself? Please reply back as I’m attempting to create my very own blog and would like to
    find out where you got this from or what the theme is called.
    Many thanks!

  18. Every weekend i used to pay a quick visit this website, as i wish for
    enjoyment, since this this website conations really good
    funny information too.

  19. Remarkable things here. I’m very happy to peer your article.
    Thank you a lot and I am looking forward to touch you.

    Will you kindly drop me a mail?

  20. scoliosis
    Pretty! This has been an extremely wonderful post.
    Thank you for supplying these details. scoliosis

  21. scoliosis
    Valuable info. Fortunate me I found your web site by accident,
    and I am surprised why this coincidence didn’t happened earlier!

    I bookmarked it. scoliosis

  22. you’re really a excellent webmaster. The web site loading velocity is amazing.

    It kind of feels that you’re doing any distinctive trick.
    In addition, The contents are masterwork. you’ve done a wonderful job on this topic!

  23. obviously like your web site however you need to check the spelling on quite a few of your posts.
    Several of them are rife with spelling issues and
    I to find it very troublesome to tell the reality on the other hand I’ll surely come back again.

  24. I have been exploring for a bit for any high-quality articles or weblog posts on this kind of house .

    Exploring in Yahoo I ultimately stumbled upon this website.
    Reading this information So i am satisfied to show that I have an incredibly good uncanny
    feeling I discovered exactly what I needed. I most without a doubt will make certain to do not overlook
    this web site and provides it a glance on a constant
    basis.

  25. With havin so much content and articles do you ever run into any problems of
    plagorism or copyright infringement? My website has a lot of completely unique content I’ve
    either created myself or outsourced but it appears a lot of it is popping it up all
    over the web without my authorization. Do you know any methods to help protect against content from being stolen? I’d really appreciate it.

  26. Hey I am so grateful I found your web site, I really found you by error, while
    I was searching on Askjeeve for something else, Regardless I am here now and would
    just like to say kudos for a tremendous post and a all round thrilling blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to read it all at the moment but
    I have saved it and also added in your RSS feeds, so
    when I have time I will be back to read much more, Please do keep up the great job.

  27. I have been exploring for a bit for any high-quality articles or weblog posts on this kind of house .
    Exploring in Yahoo I finally stumbled upon this site.

    Reading this information So i’m satisfied
    to express that I have an incredibly good uncanny feeling I
    discovered exactly what I needed. I so much unquestionably will make sure to do not overlook this web
    site and provides it a look regularly.

  28. My programmer is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP.
    I have always disliked the idea because of the costs.
    But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using Movable-type
    on a variety of websites for about a year and am concerned about switching to another platform.
    I have heard fantastic things about blogengine.net. Is
    there a way I can transfer all my wordpress posts into
    it? Any help would be really appreciated!

  29. Hello there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this website before but after browsing through many of
    the articles I realized it’s new to me. Nonetheless, I’m definitely pleased I came across it and I’ll be bookmarking
    it and checking back frequently!

  30. Unquestionably imagine that that you stated.
    Your favourite reason seemed to be on the internet the simplest thing to be aware of.
    I say to you, I definitely get annoyed whilst folks consider concerns that they
    just do not recognise about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and
    defined out the entire thing with no need side-effects , folks can take a signal.
    Will probably be again to get more. Thank you

DEJAR UN COMENTARIO

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here